Science and Research
What Type Of Stem Cells Are Found In Dental Pulp?
MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS (MSC)
An extremely rich source for mesenchymal stem cells is the developing tooth bud of the mandibular third molar (wisdom tooth) and baby teeth. While considered multipotent, they have proven to be pluripotent. The stem cells eventually form enamel, dentin, blood vessels, dental pulp, and nervous tissues, including a minimum of 29 different unique end organs. Because of extreme ease in collection in younger years of age before calcification, and minimal to no morbidity, they constitute a major source for personal banking, research, and multiple therapies. These stem cells have also shown capable of producing hepatocytes, a potential cure for diabetes in the future.
Mesenchymal stem cells have already proven to be a powerful and potent platform for developing treatments. As you are reading this, scientists are studying the role of these amazing cells in treating conditions such as type 1 diabetes, spinal cord injury, stroke, myocardial infarction (heart attack), corneal damage and neurological diseases like Parkinson's, to name just a few.
For the past 22 years doctors have been using stem cells to treat over 78 diseases and blood oriented diseases. As of date there are over 2000 clinical trials that have been completed or are under way, demonstrating the use of stem cells to treat diseases, heal injuries, and grow replacement tissues like bone, cartilage, nerve, skin, muscles, and blood vessels.
Regenerative medicine is the "process of replacing or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal function”. This field holds the promise of regenerating damaged tissues and organs in the body by replacing damaged tissue and/or by stimulating the body's own repair mechanisms to heal previously irreparable tissues or organs.
By storing your own teeth or your child’s teeth you are helping insure their future. Wisdom teeth are one of the most viable sources of stem cells. By banking, it adds peace of mind.
Storing dental stem cells is very similar to storing umbilical cord stem cells. Now you have another chance to store these viable stem cells. And unlike the hematopoietic stem cells derived from umbilical cord that can only develop in the blood and immune related cells, MSCs derived from teeth have unlimited potential due to their pluripotency (ability to differentiate in the several cell types).
Please contact The Tooth Bank to learn more about storing your dental stem cells. We look forward to talking to you.